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Durga, Maa Durga, Shri Durga Ji

Shri Durga Ji

Durga Maa Durga Ji Hindu Goddess

Shri Durga Ji

In Hindu pantheon, Maa Durga is one of the most popular goddesses, and her creation takes place in the context of a cosmic crisis. The asuras were on the ascent, and they had become a threat to cosmic stability. The male gods were unable to contain and subdue them. A number of male gods having failed to subdue the demons led by Mahishasura, assembled into a conclave and emitted their energies upon Uma/Parvati, the wife of Shiva, who became the warrior goddess, Durga, that is, the invincible.

Vedic literature does not have any particular goddess matching the concept of Durga though it has references to certain goddesses as slayers of demons. Taitriya-aranyaka mentions Durga, but not in a manner comparable to Durga of later Hinduism. Around 4th century AD, images of Durga slaying Mahishasura begin to become common in many palaces in the Indian subcontinent.

At a certain point in her history, Durga became associated with Shiva as his wife, and she acquired homely characters in this role. This is often characterized in her iconography in which she is shown flanked by four deities, two of which are identified as her children: Karttikeya, Ganesh.

The theology underlying Durga's emergence and exploits are revealed in Devi Mahatmyam, the most famous text extolling her exploits, and is described: "Though she is eternal, the goddess becomes manifest over and over again to protect the world". This makes her on par with various avatars of Vishnu.

One of the most famous festivals associate with Maa Durga is Durga Puja celebrated in the month of Ashvin (September-October), and is also called Navaratri festival.


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